The FORAMENRehab® Memory module has been designed for the cognitive remediation of memory disorders.

Memory involves the complex of systems by which an organism registers, stores, retains, and retrieves previous data or experiences. Memory is not a unitary process, but an alliance of interrelated subsystems. The stages of memory include attention, encoding, storage, and retrieval. These stages are closely linked and interact. Different neuroanatomical correlates for different stages of remembering have been identified.

Different taxonomies can be used to describe types of memory. One clinically important taxonomy distinguishes between two types of time-dependent memory: long-term versus short-term memory. This distinction is primarily based upon the duration of memory store and the capacity of the store. Long-term memory can be further distinguished by the type of information that is processed. Two broad categories that are differentially processed are called declarative and nondeclarative memory. The distinction between episodic and semantic memory is particularly important in cognitive rehabilitation. Memory loss can also be specific to verbal or nonverbal material. This distinction implies that memory for verbally based information is encoded and stored separately from information that is not easily verbally labeled. Individuals with focal deficits are more likely to manifest material-specific memory deficits than are individuals with diffuse involvement.

Various systems and structures in the brain influence different aspects of memory. The functional implications of an individual’s memory impairment ultimately guide the direction of rehabilitation.

In FORAMENRehab software memory has been divided according to time-dependent memory (short-term vs. long-term memory) as well as to modality specific memory (verbal vs. non-verbal memory)

Recommended literature:

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